Retrieves attribute values with the help of SQL statements.


int dpQuery (string query, dyn_dyn_anytype &tab);


Parameter Meaning

SQL statement. See the example at the end of this page as well as chapter Queries and SQL keywords.

VORSICHT: Connect functions can only be used for configs which are managed by the event manager. Therefore it is not possible to make a connect on the following configs: _archive, _address, _cmd_conv, _msg_conv, _smooth
tab Two-dimensional results table. See the example at the end of this page as well as chapter Queries and SQL keywords.

Return Value

0 if execution is successful, -1 in the event of an error.

Anmerkung: If more values are returned for a dpQuery query than the specified limit, an error message is shown. The error can be retrieved with a subsequent call of the function getLastError(). See also Error Handling.


Errors can be retrieved with getLastError(). This includes incorrect or missing arguments. Erroneous queries result in an error message.


The function dpQuery() queries attribute values with the help of the SQL statements formulated in the string query. Please refer to the section of the manual on SQL for information about the SQL dialect used in WinCC OA. The result is stored in tab as a two-dimensional table (see below). When querying historical values from a value archive (HDB), consider the notes in the chapter Swap out/backup archives.

All attributes of configs that are held by the Event manager, such as _original, _online, _alert_hdl etc. can be queried, for example:

 "SELECT '_online.._value' FROM '*'"

But configs from other managers cannot be queried in this way, e.g:

 "SELECT '_alert_hdl.._active' FROM '*' WHERE ('_alert_hdl.._active' == 0)").

In projects with RAIMA archiving, for the keyword TIMERANGE only times until the year 2038 may be used. This restriction does not apply in projects using SQLite.

It is not allowed to refer to an element in the SELECT part without the WHERE part containing "_DPT = \"XXX\" ". The columns of the result table are not clear anymore without a clear DP type!

Table: Example of the result in the variable tab

tab[1][1] (empty) tab[1][2] column header
tab[2][1] line name 2 tab[2][2] contents of line 2
tab[3][1] line name 3 tab[3][2] contents of line 3
... ...

The first entry tab[1][1] is not used, tab[1][2] contains the overview of the columns and tab[n][1] (n>1) contains the name of the column in question. The name found in the query is finally located in tab[n][2], n>1.

The original value of data points beginning with "ExampleDP_Arg" and of type "ExampleDP_Float" is returned.

  dyn_dyn_anytype tab;
  int z;

  dpQuery("SELECT '_online.._value' FROM 'ExampleDP_Arg*' WHERE _DPT= \"ExampleDP_Float\" ", tab); // _DPT returns the type of a data point.
  shape list1=getShape("SELECTION_LIST1");      
  for(z=2;z<=dynlen(tab);z++) // dynlen(tab) returns the length of tab


Data point function, waiting Control function